Stock Markets 101

Kickstart your investment journey with this course. Learn the basics of the stock market including terminology, investment principles, and key facts.
4.5/5 Rating
30 Lessons
1 hour 54 mins
Written by: Harry Atkins
November 30, 2019
Updated: February 24, 2021

What you'll learn

  • What a stock exchange is and how Wall Street functions
  • The benefits of investing your money in the stock market
  • The process of buying and selling shares with a stockbroker

Key course lessons

  • How stock markets work
  • How to invest your money in stocks
  • Common investing mistakes

More about this course

Are you tired of investment courses that use too much insider jargon, trying to sound clever rather than actually educating investors on how to succeed in the stock market? We’ve got the solution for you!

At Invezz, we are proud to launch our FREE stock market education series with Stock Markets 101, an immersive but also accessible course that covers all the basics of stock investing. We use easy-to-understand language and important details to bring you up to speed on how to jump into stock investing. These bite-sized lessons will help you understand the meaning and importance of key concepts, not only of the stock market but also of your own approach.


There are no major prerequisites required to dive in, because the Stock Markets 101 course (and the lessons therein) is catered to beginners. You can come into this course knowing very little about the market and still grow to understand important stock market terminology, concepts, and goals.

Course overview

1. Introduction: The Basics

Understanding Stocks and the Stock Market

The investment tools available for people to retire earlier are more abundant today than ever before. One of the most popular ways people do this is through investing in stocks. This first guide from Invezz answers the most basic questions around stocks and the stock market. Understanding stocks – what…
Beginner 7 min read Stocks Courses

Decide How Much You Want to Invest

How much should I invest, and where should I invest? These might seem like straightforward questions, but they also carry a lot of weight. How much money you invest and which investments you choose depend on a number of factors, key among them the income at your disposal, your financial…
Beginner 3 min read Stocks Courses

How Do People Make Money on the Stock Market?

It’s great that you’re interested in the stock market. Obviously, everyone would like to strike it rich once they start committing money to their trading accounts. Before we delve into how to make money on stocks, it’s better to first explain why people are stock trading in the first place,…
Beginner 4 min read Stocks Courses

How Can I Start Trading on the Stock Market?

The stock market recently ended its longest bull run of all time, one that lasted almost 11 years. It’s since fallen into a bear market. Still, whether you want to try and grab bargains as stocks go down, or bet on stock prices going lower, the stock market offers intriguing…
Beginner 3 min read Stocks Courses

Why Prices Rise and Fall in the Stock Market

Prices of stocks move up and down whenever the market is opened. These price swings are usually the result of fluctuations in forces of supply and demand in the overall market. If more people want to buy a given stock, then its price will edge higher. Conversely, whenever the majority…
Beginner 3 min read Stocks Courses

What Are Capital Markets

The capital market is a general term used to denote two main types of markets, featuring an array of products. A capital market is a financial system made up of primary and secondary markets, consisting of stocks, bonds, and other investment vehicles that people trade all over the world. Primary…
Beginner 4 min read Stocks Courses

Understanding Investment Securities

The securities market is one of the largest and liquid of all financial markets in the world. This market offers an alternative through which companies can raise capital for their operations. Nevertheless, many people don’t understand securities, which underlie the securities market. This article explains securities and the types that…
Beginner 4 min read Stocks Courses

What Is A Stock Index?

The breadth of the stock market can make it seem like there’s too much information for investors to handle. Luckily, some alternatives offer traders an easier way of identifying trends within the market. One of the alternative ways of looking at the stock market is through a stock index. Stock…
Beginner 4 min read Stocks Courses

The Different Stock Exchanges and Stock Indexes

A stock exchange is a subset of the stock market where buyers and sellers meet to buy and sell shares of companies. A stock exchange acts as a marketplace where buyers connect to execute stock purchases. A stock exchange’s main role is to provide liquidity, thus allowing buyers to buy…
Beginner 4 min read Stocks Courses

Bull Market

You’ve just learned why prices rise and fall in the stock market. Time to dive deeper into this topic with the biggest of all predictors: bull and bear markets. What Is a Bull Market? A bull market is a pronounced uptrend for a financial market that lasts for months, and…
Beginner 6 min read Stocks Courses

Bear Market

If you read our last lesson, you now know all about bull markets…way to go! Now it’s time to look at the other end of the spectrum, and examine bear markets. What Is a Bear Market? A bear market is a pronounced downtrend for a financial market. In this case…
Beginner 5 min read Stocks Courses

2. Investment Psychology

Understand What Type of Investor You Are

Understanding what type of investor you are is crucial to working out the type of investment that will help you reach your goals. Outside forces, including inflation, market fluctuation, and the overall economic environment can also dictate investment styles. There are three types of investors: Passive/low-maintenance investorActive InvestorHands-off investor/automatic investor Passive…
Beginner 3 min read Stocks Courses

Psychological Mistakes to Avoid

Many people venture into the world of investments, but many investors don’t get the chance to accrue the profits they hoped to land. Why is it that many investors fail? Surprisingly, it’s not lack of industry or technical knowledge. The most common reason is that investors often let their emotions…
Beginner 3 min read Stocks Courses

3. Types of Investments

Options Contracts

Options contracts are financial derivatives that act as agreements between two parties, designed to facilitate transactions of underlying assets. Often an agreement between a buyer and seller, options contracts give purchasers a right to buy or sell agreed-upon assets at a preset price, often referred to as the strike price.
Beginner 3 min read Stocks Courses

Futures Contracts

What is a futures contract? A futures contract is a binding agreement between two parties, where they both agree to buy and sell an underlying security at a predetermined price at a specified date in the future. The buyer signs an agreement and takes the obligation of buying an underlying…
Beginner 4 min read Stocks Courses

Contract For Difference (CFD)

Trading stocks as a contract for difference (CFD) is a popular way of gaining exposure to the broader stock market. CFDs differ from the traditional way of buying stocks and rose to prominence in the UK through the increase in CFD brokers. A CFD is a financial derivative that…
Beginner 4 min read Stocks Courses

Buying Physical Stock

Gone are the days when buying physical stock was a complicated affair and the domain of only a few people who held connections in the financial markets. While in the past people had to hold face-to-face meetings to buy stocks and attain certificates, nowadays you can do everything you need…
Beginner 3 min read Stocks Courses

4. Stocks & The Stock Market

Understanding Market and Limit Orders

It is common for traders to use the ‘buy’ and ‘sell’ buttons provided by trading software to open or close trades. However, simply clicking buy or sell can lead to inefficient results in a highly volatile, fast-moving market. As such, traders need to understand how to make use of more…
Beginner 3 min read Stocks Courses

Understanding Bid and Ask Prices

The stock market operates more or less like an auction. Buyers forward bids for a certain number of shares at a certain unit price while sellers offer a certain number of shares at a certain unit price. These are known as ‘bid price’ and ‘ask price’. This article explains the…
Beginner 4 min read Stocks Courses

Understanding Stop-Loss Orders

Stock trading can be a lucrative venture when trades move in the direction you expect. But what happens when a stock’s price moves in the opposite direction? You could lose any profits made, and much of the capital that you have invested too. As such, there is a need for…
Beginner 4 min read Stocks Courses

What is Short-Selling (Shorting) a Stock

This lesson focuses on short selling, where you bet on a stock to go down in price. In the last lesson, we looked at stop-loss orders. Stop-loss orders can be a valuable tool if you’re planning to get involved in short selling. An Introduction to Short Selling Short selling is…
Beginner 5 min read Stocks Courses

The Basics of an IPO

Companies have various options at their disposal that they can use to raise capital. Initial public offerings (IPOs) and follow-on public offerings (FPOs) are some of the options that they use to meet their monetary needs. IPOs and FPOs differ a great deal in the way they are carried out…
Beginner 3 min read Stocks Courses

Understanding Stock Market Volatility

Volatility is synonymous with the financial markets that have made and broken many investment careers. A double-edged sword, volatility makes it possible for investors to squeeze in profits over short periods in the financial markets. Conversely, even a slight mistake in times of high volatility can prove costly. What Is…
Beginner 3 min read Stocks Courses

Technical Analysis vs. Fundamental Analysis

Technical and fundamental analysis are research techniques undertaken by traders and investors while looking for opportunities in the capital markets. While both of them are geared towards forecasting market trends, they differ a great deal. Deciding which technique you want to follow will greatly impact how you develop as a…
Beginner 4 min read Stocks Courses

5. Brokers

Overview of Stockbrokers

The stock market brings together traders interested in buying and selling shares. Brokers play the key (and profitable) role of matching the demand side traders with the supply side traders. This guide discusses the role of the stockbrokers and explains why they are significant for the stock market to function.
Beginner 3 min read Stocks Courses

How to Choose a Stockbroker

The stock market involves many twists and turns, and can become complex very quickly. In addition to stock exchanges, stockbrokers play a significant role. Traders depend on brokers to make their investing life both possible and bearable. Read on to understand what exactly a brokerage company is and what it…
Beginner 6 min read Stocks Courses

Trade Execution Options Available to Brokers

The stock market brings together traders who buy and sell shares. Brokers facilitate trades by linking up the two sides of the market and by executing orders. That said, it’s worthwhile to dig deeper. What are trade executions, and what options do brokers have when executing trades? This guide provides…
Beginner 4 min read Stocks Courses

The Risk of a Stockbroker Closing

Brokers make up a crucial part of the securities market. They give millions of investors access to the massive profit potential of stocks. However, what happens when your broker goes bust? This guide helps to explain more about the likelihood of that happening, and what to do if it does.
Beginner 4 min read Stocks Courses

Financial Intermediaries in Stock Investing

Stock trading is an excellent avenue for investors to grow their income. Investors can buy and sell stock and capitalize on high performance by companies. In the process of stock trading, investors encounter many middle parties, including stockbrokers, investment banks, and dealers. This article discusses the role and significance of…
Beginner 3 min read Stocks Courses


Congratulations! You’ve now mastered all of the key introductory concepts in stock investing. You understand how the stock market operates. You get what different brokerage platforms look like. You can grasp why the prices of stocks rise and fall. You’re now hip to the many different methods you can use…
Beginner 1 min read Stocks Courses

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