Forward integration

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Updated: Aug 20, 2021

The inclusion in the same firm of ‘downstream’ activities which use or distribute the products of an ‘upstream’ activity. An example of this is the ownership of filling stations by oil companies. Forward integration may be adopted to improve efficiency by better coordination of the different levels of production, or to exploit monopolistic advantages at one level to reduce competition at another.

Reference: Oxford Press Dictonary of Economics, 5th edt.



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James Knight
Editor of Education
James is the Editor of Education for Invezz, where he covers topics from across the financial world, from the stock market, to cryptocurrency, to macroeconomic markets.... read more.