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The N100 index is also known as the Euronext 100, and is the main index that tracks the performance of the Euronext exchange. Euronext’s trading encompasses a group of large exchanges across Europe, including Paris, Burssels, and Amsterdam, and the N100 index measures the price of the most liquid stocks traded across these exchanges.
We’ve compiled a quick summary of the relevant information about the N100: a brief history of the index, how it is selected, and how to invest in it.
Since the founding of Euronext in the year 2000, the N100 index has been one of the ways in which the stock performance of large companies across Europe are measured. Other indices that follow companies listed on Euronext include the CAC 40, BEL 20, and AEX – but the N100 stands out as being a pan-European index that aims to track stocks all across the continent, rather than simply in one country.
The N100 saw a steep fall during the 2007-08 financial crash, but from that point has seen a relatively steady rise over time. The index hit its low point after the crash on March 4th 2009 at a level of 457.17, and rose across the next decade, reaching a high point of 1,182.1 on February 19th 2020 before the covid-19 outbreak sent markets tumbling across the world.
The N100 is made up of the top 100 blue-chip stocks listed on exchanges across the Euronext network. Currently the index is composed mostly of French companies, but also includes stocks from businesses listed in the Netherlands, Belgium, Portugal, and Luxembourg.
When investing in the N100 index it’s best to use a product called an exchange-traded fund (ETF). An ETF allows you to invest in a way that will mirror the performance of an index (in this case the N100), but also leaves you free to trade your ETF on an exchange at any time. This is an option not available to you if using a mutual fund to invest in the N100.
ETFs are popular among investors because they allow for a mixture of diversification and flexibility: protecting against one stock plummeting, while at the same time allowing you to react to market movements quickly.