How to buy Cleveland-Cliffs shares (CLF)

Cleveland-Cliffs is a long-established company that is involved in the iron ore and steelmaking sectors. In this guide, find out everything you need to know before you invest in Cleveland-Cliffs stock.
Updated: Jul 6, 2023

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This page details the key information you need to make a successful investment in Cleveland-Cliffs shares. Read on to discover the background of the company, its recent performance on the stock market, and its future prospects.

Compare the best Cleveland-Cliffs trading platforms

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If you are looking for the best places to buy Cleveland-Cliffs stock online, we can help. Simply check out the table below for our selection of the top trading platforms right now, and click the relevant link to sign up. Otherwise, to continue learning about everything Cleveland-Cliffs has to offer, read on.

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$ 0
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How to buy Cleveland-Cliffs stock, a step-by-step guide

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The process of getting shares in Cleveland-Cliffs is quick and easy, so don’t worry even if you’re new to stock investing. These are the steps to follow in order to complete your investment:

  1. Choose a broker. You need to use an online brokerage platform. There are many different options to choose from, each with its own unique benefits and drawbacks. The comparison table above can help you select the right broker for you, and you can head to our comprehensive broker reviews if you’re still unsure.
  2. Create an account. Once you’ve selected your broker, simply go to their website and create an account. The steps required for this will vary from platform to platform, but generally you can expect to have to provide your name, email address, phone number, and some form of photo identification.
  3. Deposit funds. Log into your broker account and select the option to deposit funds. Depending on your broker you’ll have a variety of payment options available; most brokers accept bank transfers and debit card payments, but not all accept e-wallets such as PayPal. Select your preferred payment method and deposit the amount of money you wish to invest in Cleveland-Cliffs shares.
  4. Place an order for CLF stock. Search for Cleveland-Cliffs’s ticker symbol (CLF) and see the current price at which the stock is trading. If you’re happy with the price, enter the amount of shares you wish to own and place your order.
  5. Execute your order. Once you have placed your order, your broker will automatically execute it for you and your Cleveland-Cliffs shares will be listed in your account. Congratulations, you’ve just bought shares in Cleveland-Cliffs.

What is Cleveland-Cliffs? And should I invest?

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Formed in 1847 in Cleveland, Ohio by Samuel Mather, it is a company that supplies iron ore from mines and pellet plants located in Michigan and Minnesota. CLF is vertically integrated, starting with the mining, beneficiation, and pelletising of iron ore, and continuing through the downstream steelmaking process that includes finishing, stamping, tooling, and tubing. 

Originally named Cliffs Natural Resources until August 2017, Cleveland-Cliffs is currently the largest flat-rolled steel producer in North America, with the majority of its production going to the automotive industry.

Following the acquisitions of steel producers ArcelorMittal USA and AK Steel, and the completion of the company’s Toledo Direct Reduction plant in 2020, Cleveland-Cliffs now regards itself as a much-improved company with a de-leveraged balance sheet that offers investors exposure to a comprehensive, high-value, self-sufficient steel enterprise. 

How has the company performed in recent years?

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While CLF’s share price moved laterally for much of the last five years, the company has experienced a change in fortunes since March 2020. Cleveland-Cliffs has now established itself as a robust, large-cap steel operation with over 25,000 employees and annual revenue in excess of $5 billion.

Much of Cleveland-Cliffs’ share price accretion has been driven by soaring revenues, which is impressive given the temporary lull in steel demand caused by COVID-19. In addition, CLF was designated as a meme stock by retail investors. Many people were sitting at home in lockdown with nothing to do, and some were armed with stimulus cheques. As a result, they set about driving up the values of stocks with large short positions held against them – a trend called a short squeeze.

Moving forward, it remains to be seen whether CLF can maintain its upwards trajectory, generate consistent shareholder value and return to the glory days of the early 2000s. While the steel macro story is historically one of boom and bust cycles, CLF appears well equipped to cope.

Is it a good time to buy Cleveland-Cliffs shares now?

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This depends on a lot of things. First, it is a good idea to check out the steel market, as the price, production and demand dynamics are likely to play a key role in dictating the share price of a steel producer like Cleveland-Cliffs. In addition, for long-term investors, you should carry out due diligence and dig into the fundamentals of the company to identify whether its value is likely to rise in the future.

By contrast, short-term traders should conduct technical analysis on the surrounding market. Then, they can identify indicators and use these to plot trends that will enable them to buy low, and sell high.

Whatever you choose to do, make sure you are always informed about the latest developments concerning CLF stock and the steel market in general. Check out some of our recent and relevant stories below.

Buying, selling and trading Cleveland-Cliffs shares for beginners

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What to do before buying shares

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You should always take the time to research a stock fully before investing your money, especially if you haven’t bought shares before. The more knowledge you have, the better your chances of making a wise investment. 

With that in mind, here’s a checklist to run through before you start.

  1. Research the company. You should always examine the fundamentals of a company first. What is Cleveland-Cliffs? How did the company get its start? How did it grow? Does Cleveland-Cliffs’s balance sheet look like it’s in a good place? Is the company innovating? The more you know about Cleveland-Cliffs, the better positioned you’ll be to make smart investment decisions.
  2. Make sure you understand the basics of stock investing. Before getting involved in the stock market, make sure you have an understanding of how it works. This will ensure that you have more clearly defined goals and have thought through how you will achieve them.
  3. Decide between share dealing and CFD trading. Choose the type of investment strategy you want to pursue, and make sure you have carried out the necessary fundamental or technical analysis for share dealing and CFD trading respectively.
  4. Set the size of your budget. The golden rule of investing is never to risk more than you can afford to lose. Not every investment you make will result in a profit, so it is important to set a budget that not only allows good potential for capital growth, but also protects against overly damaging losses.
  5. Find the right broker. Individual brokers each have their own pros and cons. Some will have low fees but have a user interface you struggle to understand, whereas others may be a bit more expensive but come with a range of features that you want to take advantage of. Our broker reviews can help you find the right platform for you.
  6. Examine broader market conditions. No stock exists in a vacuum, and it’s always important to analyse the general trends of the stock market as a whole before investing. If a bear market is setting in and stock prices are falling, it’s best to wait it out and invest your money later when the stock is cheaper. If, however, the market is looking bullish, you’ll want to make your investment quickly to get the maximum benefit from rising stock prices. Follow the latest news to keep on top of movements in the financial markets.

What is the difference between buying, selling, and trading shares?

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If you’re new to stock investing, then it’s important to understand the basics of how to buy, sell, and trade Cleveland-Cliffs shares. Here’s a quick run-through of what’s involved in each.

Buying Cleveland-Cliffs

This process involves finding a broker and placing an order for Cleveland-Cliffs stock, as outlined in the steps further up this page. Ideally, you want to time your investment when the stock’s price is low so that you can profit by selling the shares after they increase in value.

Selling Cleveland-Cliffs

When you sell any Cleveland-Cliffs shares you have bought, you’ll want to do so at a higher price than the one at which you bought to earn a profit. 

When you sell is up to you. You might decide to hold for a long period of time, hoping to benefit from the company growing steadily throughout. Or, if you see that Cleveland-Cliffs’s stock is already up a lot compared to the price you bought it and you’ve noticed that the stock market is starting to fall, it might make sense to sell and take your profits to invest elsewhere. Equally, if the stock has fallen since you bought it and looks set to fall further, it might be a good idea to cut your losses by selling your shares.

Trading Cleveland-Cliffs

Trading is the same process, it’s just done over shorter periods of time with the aim to make small profits on a regular basis. This means that you can make money faster and spend your profits in your day-to-day life – however, on the other side it means you can lose money faster as well. For inexperienced investors, we generally recommend making investments for at least 6 months to a year instead of making trades in quick succession.

You can trade Cleveland-Cliffs shares through buying and selling shares, or by trading with CFDs. These allow investors to speculate on stock prices and trade with leverage in pursuit of bigger gains. CFDs trading is explained further in the next section, but it is worth noting that beginners should avoid trading with leverage. It comes with large risks and is best left to experienced investors.

Share dealing vs CFD trading

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When it comes to investing in any stock, the two options you have are share dealing and trading. Which one of these methods to opt for largely depends on your investment timeline, with investors thinking long term tending to go for share dealing, and those looking for short term gains pursuing a more aggressive trading strategy.

Here’s a quick summary of the two approaches, and the pros and cons of each.

Share dealing 

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Share dealing refers to the practice of buying and holding shares in a particular company over the long term. When investing like this, you’re seeking to profit either from dividend payments or an increase in the stock’s price over time.

When investing your money this way, it is important to do a thorough fundamental analysis of the company in which you are investing. You want to put your money in a stock you believe will trend upwards over time, even if there is some market volatility along the way, rather than get distracted by shorter-term peaks and troughs.


  • Can build wealth over time to achieve financial goals
  • Don’t need to be very reactive to short-term market movements
  • Some stocks will give you an income through regular dividend payments


  • Takes a long time to realise any profits
  • Your capital is tied up in stocks and cannot be used for other investments

CFD Trading 

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If your aim is to generate profits in the short term, then you might be better off trading shares than holding them in your portfolio. Stock trades like this are executed using CFDs (contracts for difference), which allow investors to trade against the value of a stock without having to take ownership of it. When CFD trading, investors are looking to buy and sell stocks fast to profit from short-term fluctuations in value.

One aspect of CFD trading that many investors find attractive is that they allow you to trade with leverage. This means you can place large trades while only putting up a fraction of the value yourself – for instance, if a platform offered leverage of 1:10, you could put £10 into CLF shares and be able to trade £100 worth. This can maximise profits if the market moves in your favour, but be careful as it can also lead to heavy losses.

When trading using CFDs, it is key to be skilled at technical analysis and reading stock price charts. As you’re trading stocks quickly and frequently, the fundamental strength of the company in which you’re investing isn’t as important as being able to predict how its stock price will rise and fall minute-by-minute.


  • Can generate fast profits if you read the market right 
  • Some platforms allow you to trade with leverage
  • Prevents your capital being tied up so you can take advantage of investment opportunities


  • Trading with leverage is risky and can lead to big losses
  • Doesn’t necessarily generate growth over the long term

Consider which approach suits you best and craft an investment strategy that works for you. If you need more information, then simply take our course on how to trade stocks.

How to choose a broker

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With the wide variety of online brokers available these days, it can be hard to figure out which is the best service to go with. Our comparison table and in-depth reviews can help you cut through the noise, but by and large, these are the aspects you should be considering when selecting a broker:

  • Range of stocks available. The most important thing is that you can actually use the broker to find the shares you’re looking for. Some brokers offer more stocks than others, and many will allow you to trade other assets, such as commodities.
  • Fees and commissions. You want to keep as large a chunk of your profits as you can, so it’s important to make sure your broker doesn’t charge high fees that can eat into your profits.
  • Regulation. You should only use regulated brokers. Unregulated brokers can be risky and offer little to no protection if the business were to fail while you had funds in your account.
  • Payment methods available. You might want to fund your trading account using a specific payment method, such as PayPal. Not all brokers accept every payment method, but using our comparisons you can search only the brokers that support the option you’re looking for.
  • Reputation. One of the strongest indicators of a broker’s reliability is the reputation it has with the customers who have used it. Brokers are online businesses, and as such many user experiences can be found online. You can check these out in addition to our reviews to make sure you choose the right platform.
  • Customer service. As you’re going to be investing your money using the platform, you want to check that the broker offers good customer service in case you have a query or something goes wrong.

Latest Cleveland-Cliffs news

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United States Steel Corporation (NYSE: X) opened more than 25% up this morning after rejecting a takeover bid from peer Cleveland-Cliffs Inc (NYSE: CLF). U.S. Steel dubs the bid ‘unreasonable’ This past weekend, the largest North American producer of flat-rolled steel proposed to buy U.S
Cleveland-Cliffs Inc (NYSE: CLF) has been in a sharp uptrend since early November but a Morgan Stanley analyst is convinced that it’s still not out of room to run just yet. Cleveland-Cliff stock could gain another 35% On Thursday, Carlos De Alba bumped his rating on this stock to “overwe
Cleveland-Cliffs Inc (NYSE: CLF) opened 10% up on Friday after the steel maker reported its financial results for the first quarter that handily topped Wall Street expectations. What Cleveland-Cliffs Q1 earnings report tells us Net income came in at $801 million that translates to $1.50 per share. I
Cleveland-Cliffs Inc stock (NYSE: CLF) is up more than 10% on Thursday after a JPMorgan analyst named the mining company his “top pick” in the steel space. Cleveland-Cliffs stock could climb to $44 Michael Glick reiterated CLF at “outperform” this morning and raised his price
Shares of Cleveland-Cliffs Inc (NYSE: CLF) are down more than 25% in January, but Cerity Partners’ Jim Lebenthal is convinced it’s a stock that will outperform the benchmark S&P 500 index in 2022. Lebenthal defends his bullish call on CNBC Lebenthal agreed that the mining company is
On Friday, Cleveland-Cliffs Inc. (NYSE:CLF) shares rallied nearly 13% after announcing its most recent quarterly results. The company reported its fiscal Q3 revenue and earnings before markets opened, exceeding the consensus for Street expectations. The Cleveland, OH-based steelmaker said it expects

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Charlie Hancox
Financial Writer
Alongside his passion for trading, Charlie has represented Great Britain and won national championships as a water polo player, and as a budding film director, has... read more.